2018年5月15日火曜日

Media and the LDP

 Media and the Liberal Democratic Party by Ryosuke Nishida .
  The Minister of  Internal Affairs and Communications referred to stopping the radio waves of broadcasting stations, and big newscasters stepped down from their programs, and a suspicious smell drifted into the relationship between politics and the media. A good book to get a grasp on.

  This book is about how the "familiarity" of politics and the media as demonstrated by reporters clubs and the beat reporter system is changing in the era of the Internet and social media, the LDP especially, has established a continuous relationship with the media.

 In 2000, around  the same time the government formulated the IT basic strategy, the LDP shifted from election by intuition to emphasizing data. Especially in the second Abe Cabinet, they launched a new public relations strategy with professionals and made an in-house  communication strategy team.

  However, the Democratic Party of Japan seemed to have no explicit publicity strategy like the LDP, although they did try to hold more open press conferences when they were in power. Even though they had an opportunity after the ban was lifted on election campaigning on the internet, it was Liberal Democratic Party who realized this strategy when they came back into power, which showed that they  were also behind in dealing with IT.

  What especially caught my eye, was the description of the public relations budget. An analysis of how the government and ruling party are strengthening their relationship with the media, in 2015 the government public relations budget was at 8.3 billion yen, and each ministry and agency also has their own budget, amounting to tens of billions of yen.

  Sponsors of tens of billions of yen are clients with great power, and the relationship between the media and politics should be viewed not only from as a power structure but also from the perspective of business and money. And its influence is really huge. The politicians intentionally use that power, and the media is manipulated in silence.

 Politics (Liberal Democratic Party) is showing a clearly strategic change towards the media and the internet. On the public side, people unite on the internet and carry out demonstrations, and even if their not exactly successful in that regard, this seems to be a sign of a change in how people relate to politics.

 Here the author says that "what has not changed significantly has been the media." I agree. Rather, the circumstance is one that  seems to be a gradual degeneration where even when the administration throws a softball the media shrinks away. In contrast, the author sees news distribution applications such as NewsPicks and SmartNews as "new revolutionaries." Can we count on them?

 This book also mentions government involvement according to Broadcasting Law, the independent regulatory commision theory such as the US FCC and measures to strengthen the third party organization "BPO". There has long been controversy over the current system in Japan, including the Independent Committee system. After my history of overseeing such matters, I made the decision to quit the goverment, so this conversation could become very long, but I will stop myself here.


 However, further strengthening the BPO that was made as a wisdom for that placement is another good example of the Japanese style of wisdom. How to take distance oneself from politics, how to distance oneself from the net, this should be considered as our next homework.

2018年5月8日火曜日

The Birth of Superhumans!

 Masahiko Inami's The Birth of Superhumans!
The author who moved from KMD to the University of Tokyo explains the research being done to create superhumans by extending human motor function and senses using human extension engineering, machinery and information systems.

  While the conventional approach to technology, is to "compensate" for the deficits of the body,  as represented by artificial prosthetic limbs, now there is a trend toward using technology to "expand" the human body. The unification of human and machine. Mr. Inami elaborates the design and technology for such an endeavor.

 Virtual reality and telexistence are technologies that feel like reality. A robot or humanoid that can become an alter ego. This book looks at the post physicality.

 Mr. Inami and I are co-representatives of the "Superman Sports Society". I am not in the habit of publicly proclaiming my admiration for my friends, but this is probably the best book of the year.

  While weaving the genealogy of research into warps, and domestic and foreign SF and pop culture into wefts, we will continuously explain difficult and innovative engineering starting with MIT and both domestic and overseas research.

   Mr. Inami says, SF depicts the “What” (what we want to make), and research depicts the “How” (how to achieve it). Therefore, what make this book most appealing is its careful reading of science fiction and pop-culture in Japan and the United States. This is the kind of writing I admire. A new writer has appeared on the scene.

  2001: A Space Odyssey, The Fly, Invisible, Jurassic Park, Being John Malkovich, Matrix, Real Steel, Total Recall, Surrogates. It’s impossible to repress films like these.

  Doraemon, Perman, Ghost In The Shell, Evangelion, Cyborg 009, Cobra, Jumborg Ace, Tetsujin 28, Parasyte, Golgo 13, Anpanman. It is hard for engineering researchers to follow the examples set by works like these in great detail.

  There is a lot of stimulating information to encounter in this book.
For example, thinking is regulated by the body. He points out that it is impossible to say tongue twisters at 10 times the speed in one's head.
-- That is definitely true.

  Pink (magenta) does not exist in the physical world, the brain senses this color by seeing the colors red and purple, which occupy opposite sides of the color spectrum, at the the same time. When it comes to the human senses, our sense of hearing is  faster than our sense of sight, but the difference between the speed of light and the speed of sound is corrected in the brain at the same time that they are being perceived.
-- So that’s how it works.

   President Johnson was very particular about the temperature in his personal airplane, so they made a fake temperature control knob for him to use and he stopped complaining. Apparently he was satisfied as long as he thought he was in control, even if the temperature didn’t change.
-- I want to go see the actual thing at the Museum of Flight in Seattle.

  The important point to emphasize in the development of humanoid robots, is that in order to ensure that robots function correctly in the environments in which they will be used, you have to find out how people want to use their robots.
- I see, it’s inevitable that you have to consider the demand when it comes to developing humanoid robots.

  At this point in the book, we’re introduced to research on how to manipulate the human body by sending an electric current to a wearable device, as well as research on body sharing or how to attach a camera to the head so that people who are far away can experience the same things as that person. Sharing experiences by controlling the body via remote control. Mr Inami asks the question what exactly is is a body. Interesting.

  There are many fantasies concerning the possibilities of IoT such as the automatic unlocking of the entrance doors, automatic piano performances, and automatic cooking when you get hungry, and things like the automatic operation of a transparent robot. Mr. Inami is famous for making a human transparent with optical camouflage, but will we really be able to accomplish such things by expanding the body and sensations with IoT? Interesting.


  The world is an uproar over IoT and AI, and what will come after the smart revolution. However, isn't it more exciting to think that in the near future the very existence of humans will be questioned due to virtual reality and humanoids that will make it possible to separate the body from the senses? I will wait for the next work from Mr. Inami. No, I will urge him to write more.

2018年5月1日火曜日

Nations Built on International Property are in Danger!

  Intellectual Property Nations are in Danger written by Hisamitsu Arai and Rensei Baba.
In 2003, Mr. Arai  , after serving as patent attorney general, was appointed as the very first secretary general of the intellectual property department, and has made tremendous achievements. Then there was Prime Minister Koizumi's Declaration of Intellectual Property in 2002, the official announcement of the Intellectual Property Basic Act in 2003, and the establishment of Intellectual Property High Court. I took part in the intellectual property policy in the era of Secretary General.

  This book compiles shocking data and examples on how Japan's patent and intellectual property fields are increasingly showing signs of Galapagos syndrome. Because Mr. Arai who was responsible for establishing the Intellectual Property High Court is the one  pointing these things out, the situation must be dire. I'll catch you up.

- The application rate for patents overseas, is 51% in the United States and 63% in Europe. Japan is at 24%, with most applications being domestic.

- The United States, China and South Korea are planning to match with Europe in establishing a classification system for patents. Japan will adhere to the Japanese style.

· Intellectual property lawsuits are at 8000 in China, 4000 in the United States, and 200 in Japan.
Moreover, intellectual property trials in  Japan are decreasing, which is unusual from a global perspective.

· The United States and China are 100 billion yen in compensation, but Japan is at 1 billion yen. 1/100.
That’s only a 20% difference from the annual salary of a professional baseball player.
Japan is a haven for patent infringers, and it is meaningless to exercise patent rights in Japan.

· Stamp fee for a lawsuit of 100 billion yen costs 16 million yen.
In the US it is $ 350, and in France its zero.
It is hard to make a trial in Japan.

· The Japanese intellectual property trials are considered “not successful, too few in number, and slow”, so the world is unwilling to deal with them.

· Japanese companies set a precedent by holding intellectual property trials in the US and not Japan.

· Many trials in Japan end in settlement. Depending on the constitution and capacity of the court.

· Trials in Japan are secretive, and the schedule and documents of the trial are not published.

· We live in an era where companies can select courts across national borders. Judges must also have international perspective, skills, and knowledge. But if judges serve for 12 years in the United States, and then alternate to Japan for 2-3 years, it will be impossible to cultivate experts.


 This book also points out that lawyers do not make appropriate remarks when new problems arise in scientific advancement. How should legal and judicial officials respond to this?